Charles Edward Horsley

Charles Edward Horsley was born on 16 December 1822 in London, son of William Horsley, composer and musician, and his wife Elizabeth Hutchins, daughter of the composer, Dr J. W. Callcott. Horsley was a piano pupil of Ignaz Moscheles and a friend of Mendelssohn on whose advice he went to Germany to study under Moritz Hauptmann and Louis Spohr.

Horsley was the prototype for the hero of Charles Auchester, a novel by Elizabeth Sheppard. He taught music and became well known as a pianist and organist. For the Liverpool Philharmonic Society he composed at 24 the oratorio David and three years later Joseph. He was Organist of St John's, Notting Hill, London, in 1853-57.

Horsley arrived at Melbourne in the British Trident on 10 December 1861. He was appointed Organist of Christ Church, South Yarra, but resigned after six months. In 1865 he was Organist of St Stephen's Church, Richmond.

In 1862-65 Horsley was conductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society; he won praise for his ability to conduct expressively but was said to be incapable of keeping the beat at all clearly. His cantata Comus, composed in 1854, was performed for the first time in Australia on 7 December 1862. His David was first produced in Melbourne on 30 June 1863 and he was hailed as a 'genius and an accomplished exponent of his art'. In 1866 he organized the musical festival during the Melbourne Exhibition and at the opening ceremony on 24 October conducted The South Sea Sisters, a masque written by R.H. Horne and set to music by Horsley.

Always careless with money, he lost heavily over the music festival and in May 1867 was declared insolvent. In June, intending to return to England, he sailed in the Wonga Wonga for Sydney where he took part in the opening recitals on the new organ of St Andrew's Cathedral and later taught organ pupils.

Horsley returned to Victoria in 1870 and was appointed Organist of St Francis' Church, Melbourne. In April the Mayor of Melbourne commissioned him to compose a cantata to a poem by Henry Kendall; titled Euterpe it was performed at the opening of the new Melbourne Town Hall on 9 August and in 1876 at the Crystal Palace, London.

Though highly regarded as a musician, Horsley was eccentric and impulsive. His erratic behaviour bred scandal and he lived in one boarding house after another.  In 1871 he decided to leave the colony and at a farewell concert in May an appreciative audience gave him a warm ovation.

He returned to England where at Liverpool he was well received and formed the Ballad and Madrigal Troupe.

In January 1873 he was appointed organist to St John's Chapel of the Trinity Corporation, New York, and conductor of the Church Music Association. He died in New York on 28 February 1876.

Among Horsley's other works was the oratorio Gideon; he also wrote chamber music, piano works, songs, anthems and a church hymnal.  In Melbourne he wrote long comments for the press on musical events of note.  He edited a collection of glees by his father in 1873 and his own Text Book of Harmony was published in London in 1876.

From an article by Thérèse Radic in the Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au.